unearthed from the Eastern Han tombs, Sichuan Provincial Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology announced that the tombs of the Warring States period to the Ming and Qing Dynasties were found in Pengshan District, Meishan City. Experts determined that this site was the place where ancient Shu descendants buried their bones. Li Wantao, a librarian of the

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Sichuan Provincial Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology and the person in charge of on-site archaeological excavation, introduced that the tomb complex is located in Wuyi village, Jiangkou street, Pengshan District, and is now the construction land for the first phase of Wuyang resettlement house. At the end of March 2020, Sichuan Provincial Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology and Pengshan District Institute of cultural relics protection carried out an archaeological excavation of the cemetery. By the end of July 2020, 192 relics of various types have been cleared up, including 165 tombs, 13 ash pits, 11 ditches and 3 pottery kilns, covering the late Warring States period, the Western Han Dynasty, Xinmang, the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Three Kingdoms to the two Jin, Tang, song, Ming and Qing Dynasties There are more than 900 pieces (Group) of iron, porcelain and wood.

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in 316 BC, Qin Dynasty destroyed Bashu. According to the records of Huayang Kingdom, the king of Shu died in Wuyang city. Where did the descendants of the king of Shu go? Since March this year, the Sichuan Provincial Institute of cultural relics and archaeology has provided an answer to an archaeological work near the site of the ancient city of Wuyang in Meishan City. Although only one third of the area has been excavated, 165 tombs have been cleared up, extending from the Warring States period to the Qing Dynasty. In the tombs of the Warring States period, dragonfly eyes reappeared, and a 30cm long iron sword was also unearthed. In the Western Han Dynasty tombs, a relatively small drainage ditch was found. In a tomb with an 18 meter long drainage ditch, bronze mirrors with the inscription “Changle Weiyang” and bronze mirrors with four breasts and four coiled dragons were unearthed. In the tombs from the Western Han Dynasty to the Jin Dynasty, the famous “huanshou Dao” also appeared.

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archaeologists believe that these tombs have the location of the ancient Shu people.

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are rich in unearthed materials. The

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include Dragonfly eye, iron sword and ring head sword

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reporters have learned that seven tombs from the Warring States period to the Qin Dynasty have been excavated. The burial objects are mainly pottery, a small amount of bronze, iron and lacquer ware. Among them, an iron sword with a length of 30 cm has been found, “which is a little seriously rusted.” Li Wantao, librarian of Sichuan Institute of cultural relics and archaeology, and person in charge of on-site archaeological excavation, introduced. In addition, in a tomb of the late Warring States period, the eye of dragonfly, which had previously appeared in the tombs of Chengdu Plain, also reappeared At present, 38 Western Han tombs have been excavated, some of which have drainage system. Li Wantao introduced that this is very rare in the tombs of the same period in Chengdu Plain, “a Han tomb was found in Dayi before.” He speculated that this might be a local burial custom at that time, “especially some Western Han Dynasty earth pit tombs have long drainage facilities, which is of great significance to the study of the burial construction mode, hierarchy and burial customs from the Warring States period to the Western Han Dynasty.” In addition, Li told reporters that bronze mirrors with “Changle Weiyang” inscription and four breasts and four coiled dragons were found in a tomb with an 18 meter long drainage ditch.

There are 35 tombs in the Eastern Han Dynasty, which are rich in artifacts. The pottery mainly includes tripod, Zhong, round bottomed cauldron, pot, lamp, steamer, pot, urn, bowl, room, ear cup, bowl, table, well, warehouse, field, lid, Dai ban inkstone, coin tree seat, drum beating Figurine, skip holding Figurine, kitchen Figurine, official Figurine, maid Figurine, pottery dog, Tao Zi hen duck, pottery horse, pottery cow, etc There are four kinds of silver wares, such as mirror, six milk and six birds mirror), five baht coin, coin leaf, copper ornament, bow cap, hook, bronze tube, etc.

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can be found in the tombs of the Western Han Dynasty, Xinmang, Eastern Han Dynasty and the Three Kingdoms to the Jin Dynasty. Li Wantao said that this should be the famous ring head Dao in history.

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only excavated one third of the area. In

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, there should be tombs of

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and “dabenbao” of ancient Shu people, which is close to the site of Wuyang city. The discovery of tombs from Western Han Dynasty, Xinmang period, Eastern Han Dynasty, Three Kingdoms period to two Jin dynasties can confirm that this cemetery is a large public cemetery of Wuyang city site. ” Li Wantao told reporters that at present, only one-third of the area has been excavated, and the unearthed objects are still being sorted out. The identity and grade of the owner of the tomb is still unclear. “But judging from the drainage ditch and some unearthed objects such as bronze mirrors, they are people with certain economic strength, but they should not belong to the powerful.”

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and “Pengshan district” should be under the jurisdiction of Shu state in the pre Qin period. After Qin Dynasty destroyed Bashu, counties were set up and Wuyang county was set up in the area. Because of this, Pengshan District belonged to Qianwei County in the Han, Shu and Jin Dynasties Li Wantao introduced that according to the records of Huayang Kingdom, “in the autumn of the 5th year of King Shen of Zhou Dynasty (316 BC), Zhang Yi, simacuo, duweimo, etc. of Qin Dynasty attacked Shu from Shiniu road. The king of Shu refused from Jiameng and failed. Wang Tun went to Wuyang and was injured by the Qin army. ” He said that the king of Shu died in Wuyang city after he was defeated and fled. In this sense, there must have been descendants of the ancient Shu state who continued to live there. “The unearthed artifacts are similar to those in the Chengdu Plain during the same period.” He believed that there should be the position of the ancient Shu adherents in the present and the following tombs.

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have cleared 165 tombs of great academic value.

reporters learned that from December 2019 to may 2020, the Sichuan Provincial Archaeology Institute explored the exploration area of the first stage construction area, with an exploration area of 148.6 mu, and found a large number of tombs, pottery kilns, ditches, ash pits and other relics from the Warring States period to the Ming and Qing Dynasties. At the end of March this year, Sichuan Provincial Institute of cultural relics and Archaeology and Pengshan District Institute of cultural relics protection conducted an archaeological excavation of the cemetery. By the end of July, 192 relics of various types had been cleared up, including 165 tombs, 13 ash pits, 11 ditches and 3 pottery kilns, covering the late Warring States period, the Western Han Dynasty, Xinmang, the Eastern Han Dynasty, the Three Kingdoms to the Jin, Tang, song, Ming and Qing Dynasties There are more than 900 pieces (sets) of porcelain and wood.

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and “dafenbao” tombs have large distribution area, diverse tombs, distribution regularity, and ages from the late Warring States period to the Qing Dynasty. They are the first large-scale earth pit tombs and brick chamber tombs excavated in Pengshan District, which are extremely important. ” Li Wantao said. The other partyThe continuation of the burial age and the change of burial objects combination reflect the process of the unification of Bashu regional civilization to Chinese civilization, which has great academic value.

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Red Star News reporter Hu Ting Peng liangtu of Chengdu Business News