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in the past decade, a “escape from Silicon Valley to New York” has quietly happened in the western United States. “Silicon lane” — this boundless science and technology industry cluster area, allows high-tech enterprises to move to old houses in the center of New York City, but it can also grow rapidly into an important economic growth point. At the same time, “escape Silicon Valley, run to New York” is becoming popular among the new generation of Silicon Valley people. The implantation of

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space, the inflow of high-tech enterprises and the introduction of innovative talents In the view of Li Zhong, chairman and general manager of huagoules international real estate consultants (Beijing) Co., Ltd., the story of New York proves that “major innovation is the mechanism to ensure the transition of cities to a new stage”, that is to say, grasping technological innovation is the key to the next round of urban renewal. Similar stories like

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are being staged in China. For example, the talents of “Beishang Guangshen” are overflowing. In Li Zhong’s opinion, there are also four cities that have the strength to accept the opportunities of these four cities: Hangzhou, Chengdu, Hefei and Ningbo. “They are trying to define China’s next-generation city of science and technology with their different inborn endowments and latecomers.”

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four cities, four modes

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Chengdu Business Daily – Red Star News: after you put forward these four cities, everyone is very curious. Why are these four cities?

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Li Zhong: the choice of these four cities is actually very interesting, because their scientific and technological development just represents four models –

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Hangzhou is a city with scientific research, not only because Zhejiang University is in Hangzhou, but also because a large number of Science and technology parks have been built and developed here, so the “advantages” of talents and industries are obvious.

Looking at Hefei from the perspective of

, the overall development of Hefei may not be comparable to that of Hangzhou and Chengdu, but Hefei also has an absolute “advantage”: at that time, the city won over the China University of science and technology, which was the full name of the University of science and technology affiliated to the Chinese Academy of Sciences. The first president was Guo Moruo, and he gathered Yan Jici, Hua Luogeng, Qian Xuesen, Zhao Zhongyao, Guo yonghuai and Zhao Jiuzhang A large number of famous scientists. In addition, the school set up a junior class and built a graduate school for the first time So the people here are very talented.

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Chengdu’s science and technology development is very special. There are Sichuan University, University of Electronic Science and technology and other universities. However, due to historical reasons, Beijing’s science and technology park is in Haidian District, and Sichuan’s science and technology park is in Mianyang. Therefore, talents are the advantages of Chengdu, but the accumulation effect of scientific and technological innovation space is a big short board that Chengdu needs to make up. The fourth mode of

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is Ningbo. Many people will feel that the emergence of Ningbo is very abrupt. For example, compared with the universities of China University of science and technology and Zhejiang University, Ningbo University is far behind. However, there is a background knowledge: for a long time, Zhejiang Province has the largest number of academicians in China, Ningbo city is the largest city, and Yinzhou District is the largest district. In other words, Ningbo has long seen the potential of academicians. Today, encouraging academicians to make contributions back home has become its “advantage”. The balance between

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, “city” and “learning” balance?

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Li Zhong: it can’t be said in a word that every city should do its best in “city” and “learning”. “City” and “learning” can develop in a balanced way. Therefore, Hangzhou was born with Alibaba and a series of “Ali system” small and medium-sized enterprise ecosystem. It is also possible for “learning” to develop better than “city”. For example, Ningbo’s economic development speed is almost equal to that of Hangzhou. The key is that Hangzhou mainly focuses on soft science and technology, while Ningbo does hard science and technology, because it has a group of academicians as its support. The case of

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in Hefei is more extreme, because the “learning” of this city is far greater than that of “city”. But once the “city” starts to catch up, its explosive power is very strong. In recent years, why can Hefei make repeated “bets” in the industry? During the negotiation, there may be a university professor sitting next to the mayor. The person who knows the trade will make the decision first, and then the city will play the business function. This is a very typical role of “learning” in helping the “city”.

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in Chengdu, the development of “city” and “learning” are relatively balanced, but the advantages of “city” are more obvious. One of the key points is to do a good job in the productive service industry and life service industry for intellectuals. My impression of Chengdu is that “the moss marks on the top of the green, and the greenway enters the curtain green”, which shows that the premise of creating public space in the city meets the needs of people, and the effect of “city” is very obvious. The choice of

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in the innovation of

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Chengdu Business Newspaper – Red Star News: seize a new round of scientific and technological opportunities, judging from the current performance of the four cities, are they doing the right thing?

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Li Zhong: in fact, whether it’s “city” or “learning”, the key is to create people’s gathering by providing good living and working environment. In this regard, I agree with the innovative thinking of “people, city and industry” in Chengdu, because this kind of thinking puts “people” in a more important position.

for example, the research of China University of science and technology is a “high priority” work. When science and technology are productive forces, Hefei’s advantage is not obvious, but when high technology is productivity, Hefei’s advantage is not only CUHK, but also laboratories and technologies such as the Institute of plasma physics, superconducting tokamak device and quantum key distribution. For Hefei, it not only uses “hard core” ”The advantages of science and technology attract talents, and more importantly, it is necessary to retain talents with a “soft” urban background. For Chengdu,

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should, according to the characteristics of the industrial functional zone, grasp the three industrial opportunities of financial technology, turnaround economy and scientific service; in the breakthrough of new transformation, it is necessary to accurately grasp the innovation demand of industrial functional zone, namely, the demand of industrial innovation and the demand of scientific and technological population. For example, Chengdu also needs more supercomputing centers, whose role is not only to improve the urban computing energy, but also to turn Chengdu into a huge magnetic field for scientific and technological innovation. The role of the Supercomputing Center is fundamental. It is like a “computer in the hands of scientists”. In addition to scientific research, it can also attract more scientific research enterprises and generate cooperation.

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Chengdu Business Daily – Red Star journalist Ye Yan Zou Yue