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September 27, 2020, Sunday morning peak, light rain in Chengdu. Always “ground congestion, underground crowded” time, this day’s South Railway Station subway station did not enter the “difficult mode”, the bustling stream of people orderly divided into two, respectively into line 1 and line 18. On this day, Chengdu Metro officially entered the era of express line. Starting from the South Railway Station, it takes more than 30 minutes to reach Sancha station, which is more than 60 kilometers away.

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are located on the platform of metro line 18 of South Railway Station. On September 27, 10 years ago, the morning light was slightly bright. A train of Metro Line 1 drove into the tunnel from honghuayan depot of Chengdu Metro, all the way South. Chengdu Metro started the era from 0 to 1. At that time, Beijing, Tianjin, Shanghai, Guangzhou and other cities had already taken the lead in breaking the situation. Dalian, Changchun, Wuhan and other cities also entered the “subway era”. Chengdu was the 11th city in mainland China to open and operate subway.

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started later. In ten years, Chengdu has made a perfect “counter attack”. Within this year, Chengdu Metro will open 5 lines of 216 km, and the total operating mileage will reach 518 km, ranking first among 44 approved cities for rail transit construction in China.

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counter attack for ten years, what determines the late development and overtaking of Chengdu metro? What kind of urban development logic is hidden behind the counter attack of subway?

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have been in Chengdu for many years from “line following people” to “people following line”,

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and “second city of automobile consumption”. In 2003, the number of motor vehicles in Chengdu was 345000. In 2017, it rose to 4.32 million, and now it is about 5.3 million. In more than 10 years, it has more than 10 times.

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for this reason, Chengdu has successively planned and constructed the second ring road viaduct, started the capacity expansion and upgrading of the Third Ring Road, and built the second ring expressway. The city circle becomes bigger, the urban road from plane to three-dimensional, but the demand of motor vehicle travel has not been met.

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Second Ring Viaduct (Yongfeng Interchange)

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this seems to fall into the “dangs law” – in the case of no effective control and control of urban traffic by the government, new road facilities will induce new traffic volume, and the traffic demand always tends to exceed the traffic supply.

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is one of the main reasons to promote the construction of Chengdu Metro.

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in 2010 and 2012, Chengdu Metro Line 1 and line 2 have been opened one after another, connecting the four directions of the city with a “cross” shape, and undertaking the function of sharing public transport passenger flow. Tianfu Square Station, the center of the main urban area of Chengdu, is a cross point, connecting the most popular business districts, scenic spots, office buildings and residential areas in Chengdu along the way. The first ring line of Metro Line 7, beads into a chain, so that Chengdu Metro Line Network for the first time.

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Tianfu Square Station

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at this time, the Chengdu subway still stays in the impression that people often have: the more people there are, the more they should build the subway, and the subway plays the role of a public transport substitute. But obviously, this is only one of the roles of Chengdu Metro. With the subsequent planning and construction, Chengdu Metro “broke the circle”, like a probe, it triggered to some remote areas at that time. The second phase of

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line 1 extends to Guangdu, and phase III to Xinglong Lake; line 5 and line 6 do not pass through familiar scenic spots and business districts; line 18 is simply built to the eastern New Area, allowing the subway to go through the mountains and dig holes to the other end of Longquan Mountain

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used to be that “the line follows the people”, and the subway should be built in places where there is a lot of people; now the idea is “people follow the line” and use the subway to drive the local development, “explained the logic change of Chengdu rail transit group company. When a city starts to build subway, the usual purpose is to ease the traffic, and when the city develops outward, the subway is to lead the new pattern of the city.

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from the past four editions of Chengdu Metro planning, we can see that the size of urban pattern restricts the scale of metro, and the expansion of urban space supports the growth of Metro. From 2001 to 2016, Chengdu’s subway network planning has expanded from the “cross shaped” within the three ring roads, to the “meter shaped” structure within the ring road, to the “Ring + radiation” structure within the three circles and the “dual core and multi ring radiation” covering the whole area.

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in 2017, the 13th Party Congress of Chengdu City established the urban development strategy of “cross” policy, reshaped the urban spatial geography, and Chengdu Metro became the pioneer of “eastward” and “Southward Expansion”. According to the person in charge, the planning of Chengdu Metro Network in 2018 will coordinate with the urban population distribution, spatial layout and land use by determining the urban rail transit line direction, system mode, main transfer nodes, resource sharing and land use control requirements.

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are back to their original functions, and the function of blocking mitigation in Chengdu Metro has been released. In the past decade, Chengdu has opened 9 rail transit lines (including 8 metro lines and 1 tram line), with an operating mileage of nearly 400 km and a maximum daily passenger volume of more than 5 million passengers. This means that nearly a third of Chengdu’s registered population take the subway every day. As of June 30, 2019, 197 rail transit lines have been opened in 37 cities in China, with an operating mileage of 6126.82 km. At present, 44 urban rail transit construction plans have been approved by the state, with more than 10000 kilometers of planned lines and 7000 kilometers of lines under construction.

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Chengdu Metro has completed the target of breaking through 500 km in 10 years, setting the fastest speed in domestic cities.

is more than speed. The newly opened line 18 of

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has set a new record of the tunneling speed of large diameter shield machines in China, conquered the first high gas tunnel in the history of domestic rail transit construction, and realized the highest speed vehicle ground wireless communication in China. If these are the high-tech hidden behind the construction, the fully automatic driving of line 9, the improved ventilation standards of the newly opened lines, the additional escalators and the independent mother and baby room are the high-quality services that can be felt by passengers.

“now”The above-mentioned person in charge talked about the change of station setting. Among them, there are several episodes.

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is located in Tianfu international biological city in the southwest of Shuangliu District, which has opened five bus routes from downtown to the park. In order to retain high-level talents, after the park reports to the relevant departments, the multi-mode rail transit will cover the park in the future.

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phase 3 of Metro Line 6 has a spoon shaped turn. The turning points are Tianfu business district, Xibo city and qinhuangsi station. In the future, this will be the headquarters economic gathering area of Chengdu “South expansion” area.

“metro lines can be adjusted according to urban functions to give priority to the integration of industry and city,” said the person in charge. This will be reflected in the next line network planning.

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in the future, urban rail transit will basically cover the industrial functional areas of Chengdu. Among the 66 industrial functional areas under construction in Chengdu, 62 of them are planned to be covered by urban rail transit network and rail transit network. In the central urban area, the subway network is covered with high density; in the western region, which is far away from the mountains and roads, it will be connected in series by the Municipal Railway. Even if

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are located in the mountainous tourism cluster area of Longquan mountains, they can not provide services directly through urban rail transit and railway. Chengdu has also launched the special planning of tourism rail transit, planning to further deepen the tourism resources gathering area through the tourism rail lines connected with the urban rail transit network, and expand the coverage.

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have 23 districts (cities) and counties, and 66 industrial functional areas. Rail transit leads the gathering and exchange of urban resources.

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the S3 line of Chengdu Ziyang Municipal Railway, which will be constructed this year, will also be interconnected with line 18. According to relevant reports, considering the integrated operation of the two airports, Chengdu Metro has reserved a maximum speed of 160 km / h in the common section of line 18 and line 19, which can realize interconnection with line 19 and line S3, realize the “30 minute Chengdu Metro circle” and form the “one hour Chengdu Metro circle”.

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line 18 connects with Tianfu airport

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. In the future, Chengdu’s urban rail transit will be a form of multi-level integration. Urban rail transit, urban rail transit and local trams will jointly support the construction of “metropolitan area on rail” by Dezhou Meizhou capital.

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make Tsim Sha Tsui and Causeway Bay

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in Chengdu. Walking in the city of iron and steel jungle, Wang Huawen, deputy chief engineer of Chengdu rail City Development Group Co., Ltd., always looks forward to a new space form, where the shape is beautiful and the space is optimized, and the most important thing is to “live like the people of Chengdu”.

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therefore, Wang Huawen chose to be “rongpiao” and came to Chengdu from Beijing to start TOD development. TOD in Chengdu has created the “137” mode, that is, taking rail transit stations as the center, layout commercial service facilities in the core area with a radius of 100 meters to create a city landmark with display; layout office, hotel and public service facilities in the core area with a radius of 300 meters to create a flexible and diverse urban scene; and in the non core area with a radius of 700 meters, the layout of residential and park life State space creates poetic dwelling from “city to nature”. From the center to the periphery, the plot ratio decreases linearly, and the high and low skyline forms a smooth arc.

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the renderings of TOD project of erjiangsi station

make the land with commercial value more valuable and let life return to life, “Wang Huawen told reporters. Chengdu has been planning the track and surrounding land and land synchronously since 2018 to support the implementation of TOD strategy. Different from Tianfu Square and Chunxi Road, which Chengdu people are familiar with in the past, Tod development enables the subway platform to connect with the surrounding plots. The passenger flow of millions of people every day attracts the business nearby the station. The green space rate of 35% and the greening rate of 40% make the living area nearby more open space and more livable and natural.

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TOD carry the function of “hematopoietic” for Chengdu Metro, so that it can be better used for the people in the future and complete the upgrading of rail transit. At present, there are few profitable subways in the world. With the mode of “rail transit + property”, MTR has become the most profitable Metro operator. Wang Huawen said frankly that Chengdu Metro has learned from the mode of MTR, and fed back the construction of Metro through the benefits generated by commercial operation, thus realizing the sustainable development of rail transit.

is not only that. In June this year, Chengdu Metro Group, together with Hong Kong Railway Co., Ltd., jointly funded the establishment of Chengdu Ronggang Commercial Development Co., Ltd., which will focus on carding, integrating, upgrading and creating the existing business of Chengdu Metro, reshape the commercial image of Chengdu Metro, and accelerate the introduction of first stores, famous stores and characteristic stores in line with the commercial orientation of Chengdu Metro, so as to create Chengdu Tsim Sha Tsui and Causeway Bay.

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let TOD lead the urban development pattern.

TOD in Chengdu is not a platform, but more like a living community full of humanistic atmosphere and ecological value. With Tod to lead the remodeling of urban spatial form, it is also changing the lifestyle of individuals.

after a day’s work, you are picked up by the subway on time. The sunken square of the platform is full of green everywhere. The sun shines into the underground space, which is as bright and pleasant as the ground. Shop in the station shopping, shopping, bring a bunch of flowers home cooking. Or if you want to get out of the platform, people and vehicles around the ground will be diverted, and the motor vehicles will enter the underground directly. You will enjoy the comfortable and safe slow moving system when you walk home. All the way down the sun, see the high and low buildings outline the skyline in the afterglow.

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on the way home, you will see the kindergarten, vegetable market, cinema, community health service center in front of your home, the vivid epitome of the life of fireworks and comfortable life in Tod.

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and “TOD” is an advanced urban development model and a highly harmonious and unified path to the urban environment and industry, “Wang said. Indeed, looking at the form of the whole city, a TodIt is a park city community interwoven with blue and green, a commercial, cultural and living center, and a comprehensive transportation hub. With Tod accumulating and dispersing the flow of people, the whole city is in a dense, orderly and open manner. Maybe this is the reason why TOD in Chengdu is different.

“other cities only do a few projects, and Chengdu has raised TOD to the top-level design and overall layout, leading the urban development pattern,” said Wang Huawen. Chengdu has issued the integrated urban design guidelines for rail transit stations. According to the principles of no planning, no planning, no planning and no design, Chengdu optimizes the urban space, reshapes the urban form and improves the urban energy level.

before the development of each site, tailor-made is an indispensable step. According to the characteristics of population, business type, population type, cultural characteristics, cultural landmarks and other characteristics, the plan is handed over to the world’s top planning and design team for design, and the follow-up development can not be carried out until the review is completed. The think tanks include global first-class planning teams such as Colliers International and Deloitte Consulting, as well as top global design teams such as Nippon design and France railway.

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this year, all 14 TOD demonstration projects have been started, and four TOD will appear in the year. On the basis of summarizing the experience of demonstration first, we will drive the whole area layout. In the future, 694 stations in Chengdu will be developed in different levels and categories, and the sustainable development of rail transit will continue to flow. The scenes of Chengdu Park City demonstration area will be shown in TOD one by one.

Red Star journalist Zhong Xini