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a 19-year-old girl Yiyi (pseudonym) from Luzhou, Sichuan Province, recently fainted at home after dieting to lose weight. A wound of about 5cm was hit on the back of her brain, causing blood to flow continuously. Fortunately, timely treatment was not a major problem.

according to Wu Xiao, deputy director of the preventive treatment center of traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital Affiliated to Southwest Medical University, in recent years, the number of patients suffering from diseases due to dieting and weight loss has increased year by year, mainly young women. She said weight loss should be targeted at obesity in terms of health standards, not in terms of aesthetics.

100 kg girl thought she was fat, refused all staple food

“Dad, come back quickly, I fainted, head hit bleeding.” When the

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phone rings, Yiyi’s parents are walking outside. At the other end of the cell phone, their daughter’s voice surprised them and rushed home. When

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came home, they found that Yiyi’s back head was hit with a wound of about 5cm. Yiyi said that after going to the toilet, he just stood up and suddenly fainted. When awake, he found that the back of his head was bleeding. The time of

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was on the evening of August 20, less than a week before Yiyi lost weight.

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Yiyi is 1.6 meters tall and weighs 50 kg. In the eyes of ordinary people, this is already a slim figure, but she always thinks that she is too fat.

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this summer, Yi Yi was admitted to the University of her choice. In order to have an ideal image at the beginning of school, she began to lose weight, refused all staple foods, and only had one lunch a day, mostly an apple or a cucumber, and some salads.

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had an immediate effect, and lost 2 kg in three days, which made Yiyi firm her choice. Her parents advised Yiyi to eat, but she was not moved. Unexpectedly, fainting happened soon. The parents of

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sent Yiyi to the Affiliated Hospital of traditional Chinese medicine of Southwest Medical University. After the examination, the doctor injected tetanus needle for Yiyi and bandaged the wound.

emergency doctor Zhou Yu said that Yiyi is orthostatic hypotension. Fortunately, no hypoglycemia was detected. “She fainted when she changed from squatting to standing. The time of dizziness was short, maybe less than 10 seconds. Maybe it has something to do with her weight loss. ”

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Zhou Yu recalled that this was the second case of a patient who fainted due to weight loss in the past nine months. Women who lose weight are more likely to have such symptoms during menstruation. It usually occurs in summer. ”

on August 29th, Yiyi told Zhou Yu that before that, she had taken the stitches off and her body recovered, “she would never lose weight again.”

doctor: whether there is a standard for weight loss, blind diet is not advisable,

body mass index is normal low, lean Wu Xiao, deputy director of the preventive treatment center of the Affiliated Hospital of traditional Chinese medicine of Southwest Medical University, told the Red Star News reporter, “dieting is not advisable. Weight loss should be aimed at healthy obesity, not aesthetic obesity What does

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mean “fat in the sense of health”? In this regard, Wu Xiao explained, “we have an international standard. Body mass index (BMI) is used to measure whether adults are overweight. The formula is: the square of weight / height (kg / m2). BMI ≥ 25 is overweight, BMI ≥ 30 is obesity. If it’s more than 25, it’s very necessary to lose weight. ”

for people with normal body mass index but still want to shape, Wu Xiao suggests that “some healthy exercises such as yoga and swimming can be done.”

and blindly diet to lose weight, or bring serious damage to the body. “It could be malnutrition, or hypoglycemia.” Taking hypoglycemia as an example, “it seems very common and simple. In fact, if hypoglycemia is serious, it can also be life-threatening.” She said that after fainting due to hypoglycemia, if no one is found in time to send a doctor, “a long time will cause systemic multiple organ failure, the consequences are more serious. The most serious is long-term excessive diet, resulting in anorexia, very terrible. Anorexia is not only a physical disease, but also a mental disease. According to Western epidemiological studies, the prevalence of anorexia is about 0.5% – 1.5%, which is more common in adolescents and young women. Although the incidence rate is low, the mortality rate is high (5%-15%).

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phenomenon > > > the cases of anorexia caused by blind diet of

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are not uncommon. Netizens of

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have asked for advice on “how to get anorexia”,

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, “good girls can’t be more than 100”, “either thin or die”…

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once became the motto of some beauty loving women. These women, who are confined to men’s eyes, internalize the society’s harshness towards women into their own requirements.

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impressed Wu Xiao deeply that many young women, already very thin, still complained about their local obesity, “our hospital acupuncture department does acupuncture to lose weight. There are many girls under the age of 30 who don’t need to lose weight. Some people say that although I’m thin, I have a little thick legs and require me to be perfect

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Li Wei, a doctor at the mental health center affiliated to the Medical College of Shanghai Jiaotong University, told Hongxing news that in recent years, the treatment rate of anorexia nervosa has increased year by year, “about 20% of men and 80% of women. There are a lot of women under the age of 20. ” Since April this year, he has been exposed to nearly 30 patients suffering from anorexia nervosa due to blind weight gain.

in his view, many patients “pursuit of perfection, higher self-demand, more paranoid about problems, easy to go to extremes.” Li Wei’s colleagues, who are more than 30 kg in weight, have never seen a skeleton of more than 6 kg. The heart rate drops to 30-40 beats per minute, compared with 60-100 beats per minute in normal people The reports of

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are not uncommon.

according to the report of Qianjiang Evening News on August 8, a 12-year-old girl suffering from anorexia due to dieting and weight loss was treated in the First Affiliated Hospital of Zhejiang University Medical College. She was 1.58 meters and 70 Jin. “She only ate yogurt and fruit and” lost 30 jin at once. ”

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have recently reported that in recent years, the Department of clinical psychology of the first people’s Hospital of Hangzhou has received medical treatmentThe number of patients with anorexia nervosa increased gradually. One of them, a 14-year-old girl, dropped from 100 kg to 60 kg, losing her hair and irregular menstruation, “even climbing the stairs has become a difficult thing.”

according to Zhejiang Online in May 2019, an 18-year-old girl suffering from anorexia nervosa who lost weight of 45 kg was admitted to the first hospital of Zhejiang University. “Because of the long-term vomiting, she can spit out conditionally as long as she wants to vomit, without any method.”

in a weight loss forum, a netizen told about his experience of dieting and losing weight for three years and suffering from anorexia nervosa: during the college entrance examination, he reduced from 98 kg to 76 kg. Then health damage, amenorrhea for a year and a half, the freshman school. She warned everyone, “you MM must not blindly lose weight, only yourself and family members regret the pain.”

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however, there are still many netizens who blindly seek to be thin and do not know the consequences. Red Star News reporter search found that in Baidu “anorexia” post bar, some netizens asked, “how can you get anorexia, seek advice”, other netizens replied, “this kind of words joking on the line, anorexia is serious, very terrible”, and some netizens agreed, “feel the same!! I dream of anorexia. “.

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experts talk about the root cause > > women in

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are in a relatively weak social state,

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will pay more attention to the external social evaluation criteria, why

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blindly seek to be thin? What kind of social and cultural phenomenon does it reflect? Chen Duan, director of the center for digital economy integration, innovation and development, Central University of Finance and economics, told Red Star News: “this is actually a very common phenomenon. Including some women who are very successful in all aspects, it may be inevitable to take the perspective of the opposite sex and the other to examine and regulate themselves, and strive to create a more perfect image from the perspective of the other in a hidden framework. Although these are some extreme cases, but as a social and cultural psychological phenomenon is widespread.

in the growth process of girls, parents’ families, mass media, school education will have an impact on women’s self-awareness and self shaping. I think it’s OK to pursue good things, good experiences and good performances, but beauty should be the burst of inner life vitality, the natural flow of comprehensive self-cultivation experience and the display of self-image, rather than stifling self-restraint To cater to. Under this premise, women’s pursuit of harmonious interaction with the outside world, including with another sex, symbiosis, win-win and common growth, is the ideal state. ”

in Chen Duan’s view, blindly dieting to lose weight has seriously affected women’s health. “Maybe her self-confidence is still lacking. Maybe her life and career have not found a solid fulcrum and a steady course. At this time, she may be more concerned about other people’s views and judgments, and then reverse to take external standards to trap themselves. In fact, life has become a psychology “The man in the trap.” As women,

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will undoubtedly face more social implicit norms and imprisonment than men. Looking at its root, Chen Duan said, “first of all, it is due to the cultural tradition of thousands of years, including the division of labor between male and female, which originated from the comparative advantage of biological genes in the past. Secondly, up to now, our society has not provided an absolutely fair social stage for the survival and competition of men and women. ” Chen Duan of

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points out that in the process of personal career, women’s pregnancy, childbirth and nursing will consume a lot of women’s energy. At the same time, in the traditional social ethics, women often have to undertake more division of labor in the family. “These two factors, in fact, squeeze the survival and development space of women’s socialization.” Chen Duan said, “because women are in a relatively weak social state, they will pay more attention to external social evaluation standards, especially women’s Aesthetics under the male perspective.”

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at the same time, Chen Duan said that this phenomenon is actually changing more and more, “new women” itself has become a kind of contemporary IP label, but the so-called new women are not obliterating or erasing their own gender characteristics or gender demands, blindly closing in to men or taking a neutral style. Personal image is the first interface of dialogue between people and the outside world. It is very proper for women to fully display their own style and pursue beauty in their appearance. More importantly, they should cultivate their inner heart, so that they can have more solid fulcrums in their life, soft and confident, and harmonious inside and outside. The so-called “do what you want” does not exceed the rules. It will not distort the inner world for the sake of external vision and norms, passively catering to or excessively demanding from themselves It has caused damage to physical and mental health. ”

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psychologist Tips > > >

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how to “decouple”?

accept their own uniqueness!

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insist on body shape, lose weight blindly and can’t please themselves… How to rebuild the self built in the evaluation system of others? In response, Du Mingjun, Secretary General of the national psychological intervention Union, founder of optimistic psychology and national second-class psychological counselor, told Red Star News, “a person is like a diamond, and multiple refracting surfaces will flash. Weight is only a person’s angle. We can’t deny all of ourselves and cover up all the light with this single index.” She believes that we should establish “multi-dimensional evaluation criteria, not generalize.”

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in the process of self-development, it is very important to learn to accept the things that are not easy to change, such as appearance, height and physique determined by heredity and genes, and learn to accept their own uniqueness, including physiological defects. ” At the same time,

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should also change the “increased internal wisdom, belief and ability, and make efforts in appropriate studies, work and society to obtain harvest and growth. We should adjust our cognition of our own aesthetics, recognize our health from a scientific point of view, and improve our internal self-image building Do

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need to seek help from the outside world in the long process of self reconstruction? In this regard, Du Mingjun said, “first help yourself, then he will help. To understand one’s reality and accept all of one’s own is the process of one’s gradual mental health and mental maturity. ”

Red Star journalist Ma tianshuai Peng Li

original title: 1.6 meters, 100 Jin, she thought she was fat, she lost weight, fainted, fell head and blood Why is it common to seek thin blindly?”